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What is Gigivitis / Periodontosis? Gingivitis (also called periodontosis) is an inflammation of the gums that is caused by bacteria and that manifests in the form of a thin film on top of dental surfaces and gum lines. If this condition remains untreated for an extended period of time, it can lead to a regression of the gum line and, in turn,...
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What is Gigivitis / Periodontosis?

Gingivitis (also called periodontosis) is an inflammation of the gums that is caused by bacteria and that manifests in the form of a thin film on top of dental surfaces and gum lines. If this condition remains untreated for an extended period of time, it can lead to a regression of the gum line and, in turn, expose the more sensitive parts of a tooth such as the tooth neck. As a result, a patient may experience very uncomfortable and painful complications including:

* Agomphiasis (loose teeth) or even the falling out of teeth
* Formation of gingival pockets in which food leftovers may accumulate
* Regression of jaw bone substance
* Expansion of periodontosis to teeth and gums surrounding an infected tooth/area
* Bad breadth
* Bleeding gums

In cases of gum inflammation, dentists use targeted treatment methods to stop the spreading of the disease, alleviate the infection, and reduce the depth of any previously formed gingival pockets. The exact scope of a periodontosis treatment depends on the severity of the infection and on the depth of the formed gingival pockets: 

Gigivitis – Early Stage

If gingivitis or any form of gum inflammation is diagnosed early enough, it can be treated via a combination of improved periodical dental care by the patient him- or herself and one (or several) professional tooth cleanings. In such cases, the dentist merely removes any present bacterial films from the surfaces of all affected teeth and the gum lines around them and then polishes and fluoridates each treated tooth to strengthen its health.   

Gigivitis – Advanced Stage

If gingivitis or any form of gum inflammation is already in an advanced stage when diagnosed, the dentist again starts treatment with one (or several) professional tooth cleanings) to reduce the number of bacteria in the infected areas. After this so-called “pre-treatment”, a patient is moved on to the main gingivitis treatment phase as part of which the dentist thoroughly removes any bacterial films and accumulations from any formed gingival pockets and tooth surfaces and roots. If necessary, the dentist also cuts out any heavily inflamed areas from the patient’s gum line. At the end of the treatment, the dentist smooths out the gum line and, if necessary, remodels any areas that he previously made cuts from. Depending on the severity of infection, a gingivitis or periodontosis treatment can last several weeks and up to a few months.    

When do I need a Gingivitis / Periodontosis Treatment?

Thorough and frequent care of teeth and gums by the patient him- or herself combined with regular professional tooth cleanings performed by a dentist should generally be sufficient to prevent any inflammations of the gums. However, should a patient neglect his or her dental care, the following symptoms are solid indicators of the potential onset of gingivitis or other gum inflammations:

* Bleeding gums
* Loose teeth
* Significant regression of the gum line
* Seemingly “longer” teeth (i.e., visible tooth necks)

How much does a Gingivitis / Periodontosis Treatment cost?

Though the exact cost of a gingivitis / periodontosis treatment varies from dentist to dentist and depends significantly on the treatment scope, the following guidelines can provide useful information to patients prior to an appointment:

* Modern Gingivitis Treatment: roughly € 10 - 25 per treated tooth
* Modern Gingivitis Treatment via Laser: roughly € 30 - 40 per treated tooth
* Microbiological Lab Test: roughly € 60 - 80
* Pre-Treatment (professional tooth cleaning): roughly € 100 - 300

Periodontosis treatments that are certified as medically necessary by dentists are generally fully covered and paid for by state/governmental insurers. If a dentist uses more novel and/or higher-value treatment methods (e.g., laser), insurers may classify these services as above-medically necessary and, hence, not pay for them. Also, insurers do not pay for any lab tests (intended to determine the exact bacteria count in infected areas) or for any pre-treatments, meaning that patients have to cover the costs of these services out of their own pockets. 

We hope that you found this primer helpful and invite you to take a look at our blog for more information.

All the Best & see you soon, Ace!

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